Category Archives: Nightfighter

Nightfighter

Dornier Do P.252/2 (Unicraft, Resin)

TYPE: Long range Bad-weather/Night Fighter. Project.

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of three

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 213J, rated at 1,750 hp each

PERFORMANCE: 577 mph (estimated)

COMMENT: The Dornier Do P.252 project dates back to 1943 as replacement of the Do 335 “Pfeil” (Arrow).  In January 1945 the design, that based on the Dornier Do P.247/6 project,  was submitted for the optimum Luftwaffe night fighter contract specification. Three studies P.252/1, P.252/2, and P.252/3 were made from this design, all were very similar despite little differences in dimensions and wing plan forms (straight, 35 and 22.5 degree, respectively). Two Junkers Jumo 213J , rated at 1750 hp each were located in tandem within the fuselage and coupled to an extension shaft that drove two  contra-rotating three bladed propellers that featured a blade sweep of 50 degrees, a novelty at that time. The P.252/2 had a slightly elongated fuselage and room for a crew of three. The wings were swept back at 35 degrees. Although the Dornier Do P.252 promised an excellent performance, equivalent to upcoming turbojet powered aircraft the design was abandoned reluctantly.

Junkers Ju 88G-7c, 5./NJG4 (Italeri, Parts from Hasegawa)

TYPE: Night and Bad-weather Fighter

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of four

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 213E rated at 1,750 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 410 m.p.h. at 29,800 ft

COMMENT: This final version of the Ju 88G subtypes was equipped with a FuG 240 “Berlin N-1a” radar with centimetric wavelength and a concave reflector antenna, enclosed in a wooden nose cone. Furthermore this type was equipped with a FuG 217 rear warning radar as well as FuG 350Z “Naxos” radar for detecting AI Mk.IV radar equipped British night intruders

Junkers Ju 88G-7b, 2./NJG5 (Italeri, Parts from Hasegawa)

TYPE: Night and Bad-weather Fighter

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of four

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 213E, rated at 1,725 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 402 m.p.h. at 29,800 ft

COMMENT: The Ju 88G-7 was the final version of the Ju 88 night fighter to attain production status. The Ju 88G-7b was equipped with a FuG 218 “Neptun VR” radar and a single-pole “Morgenstern” (Morning Star) aerial array and a FUG 220 “Lichtenstein SN-2” Tail warning radar

Junkers Ju 88C-6b, 2./NJG2 (Revell, Parts from Italeri)

TYPE: Night and Bad Weather Fighter

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of three

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 211J-2, rated at 1,350 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 303 m.p.h. at 19,700 ft

COMMENT: The Junkers Ju 88C-6b was the first radar equipped Junkers night fighter with either FuG 202 “Lichtenstein BC” or FuG 212 “Lichtenstein C-1”. Later variants were equipped with the  FuG “Lichtenstein SN-2” radar with “Hirschgeweih Antennen” (Stag’s Antlers)

Junkers Ju 88G-6c, 7./NJG5 (Italeri, Parts from Hasegawa)

TYPE: Night and bad weather fighter

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of four

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 213A, rated at 1,750 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 331 m.p.h. at 19,400 ft

COMMENT: The Junkers Ju 88G variants possessed various radar functions e. g. a forward searching radar for target acquisition (FuG 218 “Neptun GR”) , a rearward defensive warning radar, and a passive radar FuG 350Z “Naxos” for detecting the signals from the H2S ground-mapping radar, used by night-flying British Bombers

 

Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-0 “Moskito” (Hasegawa)

TYPE: Night and Bad-weather fighter

ACCOMMODATION: Pilot and Radar observer

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 213E, rated at 1,750 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 404 m.p.h. at 23,250 ft.

COMMENT: The Ta 154V 15, the eighth pre-production  Ta 154A-0, was equipped with the FuG 220 Lichtenstein SN-2 radar, fitted with a “Hirschgeweih” (Stag’s Antlers) antennae array

Focke-Wulf Ta 154V3 “Moskito” (Hasegawa)

TYPE: Night and bad-weather fighter

ACCOMMODATION: Pilot and Radar observer

POWER PLANT: Two Junkers Jumo 213E, rated at 1,750 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 404 m.p.h. at 23,250 ft

COMMENT: This Ta 154V3, also designated Ta 154A-03/U1, was the first pre-production aircraft. It was equipped with a FuG 212 Lichtenstein C-1 radar, fitted with “Matratzen” (Mattress) antennae array. An order for 250 Ta 154A-1 fighters was placed, but only a few produced.

Focke-Wulf Ta 211 (Pioneer, Self-conversion)

TYPE: Fast attack bomber, Night and Bad-weather Fighter. Project.

ACCOMMODATION: Pilot and Radar-observer

POWER PLANT: Junkers Jumo 211R, rated at 1,322 h.p. each

PERFORMANCE: 400 m.p.h. (estimated)

COMMENT: The Ta 211, named after the Jumo 211R engine to be used, was the first design what became very soon the Focke-Wulf Ta 154. The idea was to design a plane that was comparable or even better than the de Havilland “Mosquito”. In the form here shown, equipped with FuG 217 Neptune radar, it never flew (Ref.: 19).

Junkers Ju 388J-1V4 (Airmodel, Vacu, Parts from Italeri)

TYPE: Night and All-weather Interceptor

ACCOMMODATION: Crew of four

POWER PLANT: Two BMW 801TJ, rated at 1,410 h.p. at 40,300 ft each

PERFORMANCE: 362 m.p.h. at 40,300 ft

COMMENT: With the Ju 388J-1V4 the FuG 220 “Lichtenstein SN-2” radar with “Hirschgeweih” aerial array was replaced by FuG 218 “Neptun” with a pointed wooden nose cone enclosing much of the “Morgenstern”-type antennae. Also, the FuG 350 “Naxos Z” was built into the “Morgenstern” compartment to receive H2S emissions. A “schräge Musik” arrangement of two 20-mm MG 151 cannon was introduced in the aft fuselage. These weapons fired obliquely upward at an angle of 70° from the horizontal.